FRT Insights


Three takeaways from the February 6 decision regarding the Petrobras ($3B) deal

By Mike Lange, Securities Litigation Counsel, Financial Recovery Technologies

The Petrobras securities litigation may be one of the most significant matters in years. On February 6, 2018, the Honorable Judge Rakoff again bucked convention when he refused to seal from, and put into the public record, three side agreements between parties to the $3 billion class action settlement. Their disclosure will likely draw challenges from investors and further shape the class action landscape going forward.

Here are three more things to know about the Petrobras case to help you understand how this $2.9 billion class action settlement may prove far more valuable for institutional investors than the dollars they recover:

1. Settlement ‘blow provisions’

Securities class actions settlements typically contain provisions permitting defendants to recapture some of the money if too many class members exclude themselves. Courts have traditionally permitted parties to keep these side deals– referred to as blow provisions – secret because their disclosure could give investors leverage.

In Petrobras, the agreements are now public. Knowing the amount of losses necessary to ‘blow’ the settlement could give larger Petrobras investors, alone or as a group, leverage to strike better deals in return for not filing or withdrawing their exclusions to keep the class settlement on track.

2. Anticipating legal fees and expense reimbursement

The Court also put in the public record a side deal between the parties saying that if the Court approved the settlement and that decision is appealed, class counsel can still get from the settlement monies 100% of their expenses and up to 50% of legal fees awarded by Judge Rakoff, rather than having to wait for the appeal(s) to conclude before getting paid.

Petrobras investors of all sizes may challenge early payments to the lawyers while they must wait until resolution of any appeal(s) to receive their compensation.

Judge Rakoff felt that “secret agreements … rarely serve the public interest.” He also noted “a certain irony in counsel for plaintiffs – who have premised their claim of fraud on defendants’ alleged failure to disclose material information – seeking to keep secret three agreements that are a material part of the settlement.” In short, class members are entitled to full transparency of information bearing on their decision about whether to participate in a settlement negotiated on their behalf.

3. Institutional versus retail investors

If other judges follow Judge Rakoff’s lead and disclose side deals in future settlements, we could see a further tension between institutional and retail investors as the former use their size to negotiate larger slices of settlement pies, leaving less for the class.

Ultimately, it may further incentivize institutional shareholders to ‘opt-out’ of high profile securities fraud cases like this one.

Related Information

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To learn more about this case or other Global Group Litigations, contact your FRT representative or email us at

About FRT


Founded in 2008, Financial Recovery Technologies (FRT) is a leading technology-based services firm that helps the investment community identify eligibility, file claims and collect funds made available in securities and other class action settlements. Offering the most comprehensive range of claim filing and monitoring services available, we provide best-in-class eligibility analysis, disbursement auditing and client reporting, and deliver the highest level of accuracy, accountability and transparency available. For more information, go to

This communication and the content found by following any link herein are being provided to you by Financial Recovery Technologies (FRT) for informational purposes only and does not constitute advice. All material presented herein is believed to be reliable but FRT makes no representation or warranty with respect to this communication or such content and expressly disclaims any implied warranty under law. Opinions expressed in this communication may change without prior notice. Firms should always seek legal and financial advice specific to their unique situation and objectives.

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